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Review On Imagine Dragons

Brigham Young University student Andrew Tolman joined Dan Reynolds as lead singer in 2008. Reynolds and Tolman combined Andrew Beck and Dave Lemke to play bass and guitar respectively. Reynolds explained that each member of the band knew their names, so Reynolds anagrammed their name. The group also released “Speak To Me”, a long play. Beck and Florence also left the group’s lineup in that year. Tolman selected Wayne Sermon, a long-time friend from high school, to be his guitar player in 2009. Tolman eventually recruited Brittany Tolman, his long-time friend from high school, to be his backup singer and keyboard player. The band performed again. Lemke was eventually fired by the band. Sermon hired Ben McKee as a Berklee music graduate to assist the band’s bassist. Before the band moved to Las Vegas where Dan Reynolds was born, they had a huge following in Provo.

In 2010, the band published longer versions of “Hell and Silence”, and also “Imagine Dragons”, which were both recorded at Battle Born Studios, Las Vegas. They returned to studio in 2011. They released their third EP “It’s Time” before signing a recording contract. Their first big opportunity came just before they attended the Bite of Las Vegas Festival 2009, when Train’s singer Pat Monahan fell sick. Imagine Dragons was asked to fill the gap and performed in front of over 26,000 people. Local awards such as “Best CD 2011, “Best Local Indie band 2010” and others helped to make the band a positive choice. They signed a contract with Interscope Records in November 2011. The band began working with Alex da Kid, an English Grammy-winning producer. The Tolmans split in the end and Daniel Platzman was chosen to lead the signing of the label deal. Theresa Flaminio, keyboardist, left Imagine Dragons in the early part of 2012, leaving them with four members. Alex da Kid was the band’s first major record, and they worked closely together. On Valentine’s Day, a long play called “Continued Silence”, was released digitally. It reached number 40 on Billboard’s Hot 200. In 2012, Hear Me was also announced by the band. Soon after, the single “It’s Time”, which reached number 15 on Billboard Hot 100, was released. Radioactive was the second single from the album. It reached No. #1 on the Billboard Rock Songs (and Billboard Alternative Songs) charts. More than 7 million singles were sold in the United States. This album also broke a new record, spending 87 weeks on Billboard Hot 100. “Radioactive,” remained at Number. The Hot Rock Songs chart remained at No. 1 for 23 consecutive weeks, a record breaking feat that made it the biggest selling song in 2013. Radioactive sold more than 3,000,000 copies before the year ended. Rolling Stone called this the “biggest hit rock song of 2013”. It was also the most-streamed song on Spotify in America 2013 It was nominated by the Grammy Award as Record of the Year at the 56th Annual Grammy Awards. This song won the Grammy Award. The RIAA declared it a diamond in 2015 for its more than 10 million copies sold in the United States.

The Billboard Pop Songs reached Number One with the third single “Demons”, and it has sold more 5 million copies in America to date. In April 2013, the band released a live album entitled “Live at Independent Records”. Imagine Dragons teased their next studio album in a Twitter tweet that said “studio” on September 27, 2016. For the next few months, the band continued to secretly post messages on Twitter. The band started uploading videos that teased the first single from the album on January 28, 2017. Dan Reynolds, the lead singer of the band, was seen creating surreal pictures with a pen and paper. The videos contained Morse code, which was translated into “objects of the exact same color”. Imagine Dragons debuted “Believer,” their new single, on February 1, 2017. “Believer”, a commercial for the Nintendo Switch, was also used as part of Super Bowl. Imagine Dragons’ second single “Thunder” was released on April 27, 2017. Imagine Dragons debuted “Thunder”, the second single off their third album, on May 8, 2017. The album’s release was announced the same day. Evolve was globally released June 23, 2017. It reached number 5 in many countries. Reynolds, who is still sweaty offstage, is not content. Reynolds is still sweaty offstage but not completely content.

A Study Of Italian Neorealist Films

Table of Contents


Italian Neorealist films

To sum up,

An opening

The 1940s saw the end the second World War. It also marked the beginning a new period in Italy’s history. In post-war Italy, this was the first time that a group made up of film critics, including Luchino Visconti and Gianni Puccini, Cesare Zvattini and Giuseppe De Santis, recognized the need to create a Neorealist style in Italian Cinema. These films were created less than a decade later. This essay will analyse and study four films considered to be among the most important examples of Italian Neorealist cinema: Roberto Rossellini’s Germania Anno Zero (1948), Vittorio di Scia’s Ladri di Biciclette/1948, and Umberto D (1952), as well as Federico Fellini’s La Strada (54).

Italian Neorealist films Italian Neorealist films are distinguished by their use of real locations and not studios. This is in contrast to Hollywood, which was a major feature. This helped to create the style of the Neorealist films. But it was also natural because the Cinecitta studios were destroyed during World War II. The real-life location became an “open, active and effective” way to carry the story forward, as Rossellini demonstrated in Germania Anno Zero. It is the film’s portrayal of old buildings that have been destroyed by war at the end and beginning that tells a story all its own. This story is about the hardships that war has brought to a once prosperous nation. Edmund, the film’s protagonist, is another testament to the hardships brought on by the war in multiple waves. Like other young characters in these films he portrays the loss and destruction of innocence for a whole generation. Edmund was one of many children who saw their “reassurance of sheltering domestic lives” destroyed. Boys were often forced to take the care of their families, and girls the responsibility of providing for them. Edmund is left with the burden of providing for his entire family. His guilt over poisoning his father to help his family survive and his father’s desire not to be a burden eventually causes him to commit suicide. Vittorio Del Sica’s Ladre di Bicilette portrays Bruno Ricci as an innocent witness to the inequalities of society. The story of his father’s theft and subsequent struggle to recover it becomes a lesson in life for this boy. He is then beaten by angry crowds and turned into a bike thief from desperation. Like Edmund, his innocence ends when he realizes that the lines between justice and injustice in war-torn societies are blurred or distorted to favor the wealthy. This is the very reason Ladri di Biciclette (The Bicycle Thieves), is the film’s title. Why would Antonio steal a bicycle from his home in desperate need? Was he really the first person to do this? Although the film doesn’t provide an answer, it does show that the government did not care enough to protect the welfare of the working class. Although Antonio seems capable of doing hard physical labor, Umberto is forced to go to the streets in retirement to get money because he cannot pay his rent. Umberto probably had a decent job as a youth but is ashamed to be seen begging in public. Flike, Umberto’s pet dog, helps him to beg when it is impossible for him. When he finally meets with his old acquaintance, however, he claims that Flike was just playing. This illustrates a crucial problem middle class men faced at that time. In the face of desperate times, men like Umberto worry more about their “outward appearances”, which include “a clean shirt and proper manners,” than they do earning a wage. This is because they fear losing their face and appearing poorer than poverty.

These films were notable for portraying life as it really is. Italic Neorealist films are very real thanks to the fact that they were shot in real locations, with minimal editing and unprofessional actors, and without the need for rehearsals. The contrast between Italy’s present prosperity and its past fall, as well as Umberto’s falling in front of the Pantheon, is brought out by the real-life locations. While the film uses professional actors to substitute for Umberto with a street actor, it forces the actors “to be before expressing”. Vittorio Di Sica’s Bruno transforms into a “silhouette”, face, and way of walking.

These films depict real and tragic stories, yet La Strada by Fellini also has a humorous aspect. These films have the same dramatic characters as other films but the humor comes from characters such as the Fool who act as comic relief. This film is not about tragedy or comedy, but rather it’s about presenting the reality inside man. This is why the film’s neorealism stands out from others in its time. The dialogue of Gelsomina (and the Fool) reveals the existential theme.

ConclusionBy 1950, Italy’s economy had substantially recovered from the Second World War aftermath. The realist themes of these films were no longer relevant to its audience. This was a key reason why this movement fell apart so quickly. This was due to the popularity of American films, which many viewers preferred to see Hollywood movies that featured optimistic themes. This movement had a lasting impact on filmmaking worldwide. The Indian Parallel Cinema was influenced by Italian Neorealism in India. In many ways, these films were influenced by the Italian Neorealist. Bimal Ray revealed that Vittorio di Sica’s Ladri di Biciclette inspired his creation of Do Bigha Zamin. This was the beginning of an Indian Cinema trend that distinguished itself from the commercial bollywood films with its themes and styles. The Italian Neorealist films featured different themes and styles. However, they are distinguished by their distinctive characteristics.

Overview Of Baobab Tree Bonsai

Baobab bonsai make up one of our most popular bonsai. Baobab trees, which are native to Africa, are some of the most bizarre looking trees in the world. Baobab trees are the subject of many legends. One of them is that it was fallen from heaven and grew upside-down. The tree’s canopy branches often look like roots. This characteristic dominates during winter, when the tree’s leaves fall.

The Baobab is facing extinction in nature because of predation by elephants. Many people want to have at least one Baobab Bonsai as part of their collection because of their strange appearance.

There are a few things you should remember if you plan to keep a Baobab bonsai. First, they are very sensitive about temperature. They cannot thrive in cold temperatures. Many tree growers have seen trees die in a matter of days after being exposed to low temperatures. It is important to store your Baobab bonsai in a place where it can stay warm during winter. Baobab bonsai shouldn’t be given water during winter. It will lead to root rot that will eventually cause your plant to die.

Baobab bonsai trees are very difficult to care for. You won’t see immediate results with this bonsai. It is important to plan carefully and take time with your bonsai tree design. You may not see immediate results.

These bonsai trees are a wonderful addition to any bonsai set once they have been designed. You can grow them at any level, providing you are aware of the plant’s dormancy time.

You can grow Baobab bonsai by following these steps. You can start by growing your own seeds. You can purchase seeds online or at specialty retailers. Also available are bonsai designs and seedlings. However, shipping these types of plants can prove dangerous during the dormancy period.

Factors Affecting The Conservation Of Wildlife Species And Their Habitats.

Wildlife and wilderness are the basis of biodiversity in a given ecosystem. Conservation is essential for the preservation of all global ecosystems. This report will examine the reasons for wilderness and wildlife conservation. Also, conservation’s positive and negative sides will be evaluated. The potential conflicts of interests within Yellowstone National Park, which is located in the United States of America, will also be addressed.

There are seven reasons why wildlife and wilderness conservation is necessary: aesthetic, moral, ethical, educational, recreational and economic. Conservation of wilderness and wildlife ensures biodiversity’s aesthetic value. Stokes (2006). While this statement may be a good thing for many species, it can also lead to endangered wildlife being less protected. ZSL created EDGEofexistence programme and conservation projects to educate the public about all species. Education is an essential part of conservation. This allows people to connect with animals they know, increasing their enthusiasm for conservation projects and learning new ways to help wildlife. Funding conservation can be made possible by the recreational value and beauty of wilderness and wildlife. Green tourism, a form or tourism, is one that promotes sustainability and preserves natural resources. Prasad (2012) asserted that nature has spiritual, aesthetic, and economic value. Nature benefits humans and is used by them for food, fuel, and water. Harvesting natural resources can generate large profits and provide jobs. Nearly all religions around the globe are linked to nature. Rautkari (2017). “Natural habitats, biodiversity are a strong part people’s culture & values.” Future generations can also benefit from wildlife conservation. The conservation of genetic diversity also safeguards the species-strengthening gene pools. The negative effects of human interest can have an impact on species and ecosystems around the globe. Coral reefs are one example of an ecosystem that is rapidly declining because of human interest. “70% of coral reefs will be gone by 2030 if not corrected” Cosio (2016). The negative impacts of tourist activities on coral coral reefs. Irreversible damage and pollution are two of the negative effects that contribute to coral reef decline. This can happen due to cruises or tour boats. Anchoring or grounding can cause coral reefs physical damage.

Smith, 2015: “UK has one of the highest rates for cocaine use in Europe among young adults” This dangerous illegal habit has many adverse consequences. To make space for coca plantation, 300,000.000 hectares were cleared. The pollution threat posed by toxic chemicals used in the production of cocaine is increasing as they get into rivers and waterways, further threatening wildlife. Greenpeace and the Colombian military staff are working together to protect and monitor the affected areas. It has also been pledged that drug abuse will be reduced worldwide.

Some might argue that ski resorts have a negative effect on the environment. Ski resorts must offer snowboarding and skiing to their guests in order to be successful. Because of global warming, snowfall is decreasing and resort owners are forced to relocate their resorts to higher elevations or source snow from another location. Artificial snow is used for skiers. Artificial snow is used to attract more skiers. Another problem facing wildlife is deforestation. Trees are being chopped down in order to make room for ski runs. This can also lead to habitat destruction.

“The process by which a biological community’s structure evolves over the course of time is called succession.” (Thompson 2017). There are two types. Primary succession occurs on natural surfaces like barerock, which is not covered by soil.

These surfaces are transformed into soil by pioneer species called lichens, which allows for simple plant forms like perennials and grasses. These simple forms of plant colonization begin to take place over many centuries and the soil becomes fertile for intermediate plants. The climax community, the last stage of primary generation, is also known. It will be there until it is gone. Secondary succession is similar to primary succession, but it happens faster in environments with soil. Succession is usually caused by major disturbances to the ecosystem. You can use controlled burning to preserve heathland, moorland, and other areas. The preservation of moorlands, heathlands, and other habitats for many birds and insects is one of the positive aspects of succession. However, succession can have a negative effect on species. They must adapt to new environments or migrate as part of each stage. If the proper control of burning is not followed, some species may be endangered.

Conservation management is used to manage non-native and invasive species. These are done for many reasons. Culling is one way to reduce non-native species. Translocation, which involves moving them to another location or culling the existing population. It is vital to perform airport and cargo checks in order to prevent the spread of brown tree snakes, such as Guam. Guam’s brown tree snake was first brought to the island by a cargo ship in 1945. Because the island has no predators to manage the population, the brown tree snake is known as an invasive species. The population of brown tree serpents on Guam is likely to continue growing without the control of non-native invasive species and undesirable species. This could have devastating consequences for forests as well as other species. Research has shown that new tree growth has fallen up to 92%.

Conservation management is also used to provide favorable conditions for species that are declining in numbers. There are many reasons why these numbers are declining, including the fact that pollution is deterring species or disrupting food chains and webs. The best solutions to decreasing numbers of species that are favorable include making it more attractive or giving them a breeding location. The UK’s most endangered amphibian species is the natterjacktoad. It is threatened by habitat loss and damage. Sandy, Bedfordshire RSPB built new heathland pools with shallow sandy bottoms to aid in the increase of natterjacks. “RSPB volunteers and wardens counted over 300 amphibians of thumbnail size emerging from the pools at The Lodge in Bedfordshire.” (Rupert 2017).

In conserving and preserving genetic diversity, zoos, botanical gardens, seed banks and seed banks all play an important role. Projects that help endangered species are carried out by zoos. In 1992, Toronto Zoo participated in the rehabilitation of the black footed ferret. It was believed that this species had been extinct. The 2009 program saw the release of 34% of the animals into the wild. Some might argue that animals raised in captivity will not behave the way they do in nature. However, wild caretakers work hard to create the environment that the animals live in. This ecosystem is far more natural than the one they are born from. 20% of world’s plant biodiversity is in danger. Botanical gardens have 33.3%, while 41% are listed as endangered. (Lewsey 2017, Botanicals use seed banks to conserve and educate threatened species and preserve genetic diversity. Seed banks can also be used to store many species of plants in a small space. The purpose of collecting seeds is to conserve species.

Various organizations, whether commercial, nonprofit or commercial, contribute to the protection and conservation of ecologically important sites. The bodyshop is a commercial company that actively supports the conservation and preservation of the environment. The World Land Trust receives a small percentage of every sale, online or in-store. The World Land Trust is a non-profit organization that helps to restore land in India’s Garo hills and Vietnam’s Khe Nuoc Forest. To reduce their ecological footprint, the body shop uses only natural materials from sustainable sources.

Natural ingredients can have the negative side effect of making products more expensive, which could lead to a lower following. Natural England, a DEFRA-sponsored government organization, was established to help establish policies that protect England’s natural and wild resources. Natural England confirmed that the Mid Cornwall Moors had been designated as a Site Special Scientific Interest in 2017. This means that legal protection has been granted to the wilderness and species living there. Natural England works in partnership with local landowners and organizations to preserve the landscape Cornwall as well as other sites throughout England. The WWF, a charity organization, is the world’s largest conservation group with over 5 million supporters in more than 100 countries. They work in areas like food, climate, fresh water and wildlife. Urbanization is one major problem facing WWF. Urbanization is predicted to affect 70% of the world’s population by 2050. This may not seem like a big problem but Humanity’s ecological footprint is already greater than the planet’s capacity. The decline in biodiversity is a sign of this.

Yellowstone National Park in Idaho, Montana, and Wyoming is the largest park. It covers 3468.4 miles in area and is home to many endangered species. Mining is a major threat to Yellowstone. Every day, large-scale mining operations for coal and gold are conducted north of the park. It then pollutes the surrounding wildlife and wilderness, which in turn causes further pollution. Yellowstone businesses want to stop the mining of natural resources within the park. This would reduce the pollution. Tourism is another issue facing Yellowstone species. Because of the high volume of tourists, Yellowstone’s roads are often jammed during peak season. Tourists can also feed wildlife. Feeding animals humans is illegal and dangerous. You can place signs on your property stating that wild animals should not be fed. The Yellowstone website also has information about the dangers associated with feeding wild animals.

A Problem Of Exhaustion Of The Green Sea Turtle In The Andros Barrier Reef

Table of Contents


The original statement is not a paraphrase. An abstract is a brief summary of a document, while a paraphrase is a restatement of a text in a different way that conveys the same meaning.



Investigating the main themes in a text

In conclusion,


Following research was performed to examine the effects of the disappearance of a predator, the Green Sea Turtle (and other Andros Barrier Reef species), on coral reef survival and growth. Because Green Sea Turtles control the amount of algae and seagrass in the ecosystem, it is possible to see a cascading down effect on the coral-reef ecosystem. The Green Sea Turtle can help to reduce excess nutrition and increase coral reef health.

Depletion causes overabundance and growth because of the Green sea Turtle’s role in the regulation of and consumption by the sea-grasses. It is vital to recognize how the Green Sea Turtle’s survival depends upon the coral reef’s ability to produce nutrients. Additionally, algae and seagrass are in a competition with corals for nutrients, sun and space. Overgrowth of algae/sea-grass on coral reefs can result in large numbers of corals being killed. This is one reason why it is so important to understand its impact on biological structures. Introduction The Andros Barrier Reef in the Bahamas is the third-largest barrier Reef in the world. It stretches approximately 220 kilometers from the Joulter Cays. Five main zones are divided by the reef’s architectural distribution and development. These include the lagoon and outer-fore and inner-fore coral reefs, as well as reef crest and reef crest. Due to its shallow lagoon depth, and proximity to shoreline, the Andros barrier reef is not considered “true”. The Andros Barrier Reef is a sloped cliff which descends to an ocean trench at a depth of about 2000 feet. This trench is commonly called the “Tongue of the Ocean”. The Andros Reef contains small-sized colonies soft-bodied coral polps. The reef exoskeleton is made up of their hard skeletons. The Andros Reef is home to the main coral species, the smooth brain coral and staghorn coral. The most diverse ecosystems in the world are important because barrier reefs can support twenty-five per cent of all marine species. (Cranton, Sanders, 1993). The Andros Barrier Reef is home to over 164 species, including coral and fish. Coral reefs depend on herbivorous fish for their ability to balance algae growth and formation. They compete with corals for sunlight, nutrients, and space. Their growth can cause coral death in large areas if they are not controlled. These studies examine the effects of depletion on reef sharks of the Andros Coral Reef. They also investigate the effect of sea-grass growth on juvenile fish. The following suggests that the decline of the Andros Barrier Reef’s reef sharks will have a cascading effect on coral reef systems. Topic AnalysisThe trophic levels of the ecosystem are key factors in how it functions. The Greek word for food/or food, Trophic, describes the position of an organism in the food chain. This is determined based on the organism’s desire to eat/be eaten. Primary producers, who are self-sustaining, make use of the sun’s radiation to generate food and turn it into biomass. Secondary, tertiary, and primary consumers will then consume the biomass. These interactions will determine the ecosystem’s trophic levels. As shown in the above figure, an ecosystem’s trophic dynamics will produce a pyramidal form with the bulk of primary producers at ground level and a smaller number of top predators on top. This is essential to ensure that the trophic distribution of organisms within their respective trophic level remains stable. Otherwise, ecosystems could suffer from imbalances. A food chain organizes the trophic levels of each organism to show the relationship. There are four major trophic levels in a food chain. They are primary producers and primary consumers, secondary buyers, and tertiary shoppers. Autotrophs that produce organic compounds by photosynthesis are the primary producers and form the basis of any food chain. Common autotrophs found in coral reefs include phytoplankton (i.e. You will find diatoms and algae as well as zooxanthellae. Primarily consumed organisms feed from this first group. These first consumers are herbivores.

They regulate the growth of algae, which is an essential part of coral reef systems. Too many algae can cause coral death. The Andros Barrier Reef has several primary consumers. These include soft coral, coralskeletons and plants. Secondary consumers make up the next trophic levels of organisms in our food web. These include corallivores as well piscivores which are fish feeders. Plankton feeders and other benthic organisms like plankton. Blue Tang, Flying Gurnards, Rock Lobsters, and Queen Trigger are all secondary consumers of the Andros Barrier Reef. They eat plankton and small crustaceans, invertebrates and worms. Tertiary shoppers are larger fish who eat smaller fish lower down in the foodchain. Tertiary shoppers may be predators or non-predators. The Andros’ tertiary predators include the Great Barracuda which feeds on tuna and herring, as well as the Green Moray who eats fish and squid. The ecosystem’s survival depends on how each trophic level is balanced. Ecologists have a firm belief that the apex prey is the one responsible for regulating an ecosystem’s trophic levels. Predation is a key factor in ensuring an ecosystem’s trophic stability. Predation by an predator helps to keep other levels of trophic stability in check. By controlling the populations of multiple species, prey species can be controlled to a reasonable level. This would reduce competition, and also allow for growth (Dodson 1973). Apex predators can cause ecosystem collapse by being removed. Predation actually benefits the ecosystem. The interactions between the top predator and the Andros barrier fish reef ensure that the ecosystem is stable and diverse. The Andros barrier’s greatest predator is the Reef shark. Its presence in the ecosystem is so important that it can be removed (Robbins 2006). Apex predators are reef sharks that feed on old, weak and sick fish. This will keep the reef’s population competitively healthy and allow for speciation and diversity to take place over time. Ecologists believe sharks are keystone species. Without them, ecosystems could be in danger or even wiped out. Many studies have examined the role of an apex species within an ecosystem. As the basis of this research, we will be looking at the AAAS study. This group performed a study to determine the effect of apex predators, such as sharks, being removed from their ecosystem. The group studied the effects on sharks when they were scarce and how the data was processed over a number of time periods. There would have been an increase in prey species on several occasions when shark presence was reduced. The prey species would increase in numbers if the sharks were not present. The shark’s niche cannot be preserved if there are declining numbers of primary consumers. As the AAAS model shows, primary consumers grow. Based on the above data, we concluded that losing an apex would result in the growth of primary and second-tier consumers. These are often called mesopredators. The number of green sea Turtles would rise if the population of reef sharks is reduced. Green sea turtles, which eat algae and are vital for coral reef health, can be detrimental to coral reef diversity. The only thing keeping green sea turtles from thriving in our Andros site food web was the reef sharks. The green turtles grow and reproduce normally without any predator. An increase in green sea turtles could put enormous pressure on primary seagrass production, which is their staple diet.

After hatching, the adult green sea turtles become carnivorous and then shift to being herbivores. They could become too numerous and cause sea grass beds to disappear. The nursery fish will then manage the situation. Many coral reefs are supported by sea-grasses. Because predators tend to choose larger fish over sea-grass, this is one of their most secure places to grow juvenile fish. Without seagrass beds, nursery fish wouldn’t have a place for growth, leading to under-population in future generations. The species’ diversity and speciation would be reduced, and each one would go extinct. This is an example showing the upward cascading effect on ecosystems that removing an apex predator can have. Sharks are in decline due to humans’ involvement. If the important predator is not protected, we could see another situation. Robbins (2006) concludes by saying that the elimination or reduction of an environment’s most important predator would likely lead to the destruction of the trophic Web. Their opportunistic feeding patterns mean that this will be the case. Contrary to the biased data, reefs sharks don’t feed exclusively on elderly, sick, or weak fish. Instead, their diet is all-inclusive and helps maintain equilibrium, as well as preventing overpopulation. The apex prey’s influence is so crucial that the trophic net becomes more mesopredator-friendly. The Andros would see a dramatic increase in green sea turtle numbers if the reef shark were to disappear. This would put a tremendous amount of selective pressure on smaller fish and primary producers. The cascading effect from top to bottom leads to loss of biodiversity and speciation, which in turn causes the collapse of local ecosystems. The Andros Reef’s tertiary customers include the Great Barracuda, Green Moray, Trumpet fish and the Reef Shark as the apex prey. This area is home to over 164 fish and coral species. Crandon (1993) also noted that the reef contains more than 25% of all marine species. However, these data might not be enough as the existence of non-apex consumers could provide a buffer against the loss of the predator. Data is required to determine whether there are inter- or intra-species exhibits of predation and food web interaction. It also includes longitudinal observations of an ecosystem that has lost its apex shark predator. What happens if an important mesopredator is lost, like the green sea Turtle? What would other non-apex dominant predators do if they were to be left without an apex prey? Are there any viable methods to prevent apex-loss If there is a total loss of tertiary consumers, could a relocation of an apex predator from a comparable environment be used to replace the loss?

How Scientists Can Predict Earthquakes

However, scientists can predict whether major earthquakes will occur based on the movement and location of faults zones. They can also use historical earthquake data to predict when an earthquake might strike in an area. This allows them to determine where pressure is rising along fault lines. You might see if the region has been hit by four earthquakes larger than magnitude 7 in the past 200 year.

Scientists could calculate the likelihood of another magnitude 7 earthquake. 50 percent of the event will occur within the next 50 year. These predictions could not be trusted because strain can be released along fault systems and increase strain elsewhere. Most earthquake predictions are not accurate at all. Scientists are better at predicting aftershocks. These predictions are based upon extensive research on aftershock patterns. Seismologists can predict the effects of earthquakes that occur along faults. There is no scientific evidence that animals predict natural catastrophes. However, if your beagle loses his ability to see, then you need to be careful. Anecdotal evidence is sufficient to show that animals panic and run away from earthquake-prone areas. Check out our gallery for dog-related earthquake behavior. Although no scientific study has shown that animals can predict natural disasters reliably, if your dog suddenly loses its sense of smell, be prepared.

There are plenty of stories of animals fleeing from disaster areas after earthquakes. Some dogs can become anxious and restless hours before an earthquake. Scientists have been heatedly discussing whether dogs or other animals can predict earthquakes and avalanches. They are unlikely to be able predict them. Scientists have tried many techniques to predict earthquakes. None of these methods have worked. Scientists can predict that there will be another earthquake at any fault in time, but cannot predict when.

A quake is also known by the names temblor, earthquake and tremor. It is the shaking that occurs on the Earth’s surface due to the sudden release energy. An earthquake can be caused due to fault movement or volcanism-induced seismicity. Earth created mountains. Many mountains resulted from the Earth’s various tectonic plates colliding. Multiple tectonic plates make up the Earth’s crust, which is still moving today because of geologic activity beneath the surface.

Discussion On Advantages And Disadvantages Of Golf Carts


National Highway Traffic Safety Administration regulations do not apply to Golf-N-Go cars that can travel faster than 19 mph. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration states golf carts and any similar vehicles that cannot travel faster than 19 mph are exempted from federal and state regulations. Federal law does not apply to vehicles that are designed to travel 20 miles an hour or more. (para 3)

If a cart can be modified to drive 20 MPH or faster, they are considered street legal. The Federal motor vehicle safety standard must be met at this stage. Golf-N-Go will have to comply with the NHTSA regulations if they manufacture carts capable driving 25-35 mph. According to the bill analysis, section B of Florida State Senate Bill #62 (Senator Hayes), “the Florida Legislature approved the first operation of low-speed vehicles (LSVs),” (p. At the time, electric-powered low speed vehicles (LSVs) were only allowed. These vehicles would be used for local travel by people who can use them. Senate Bill 62 amends Florida Statutes section 319.14. It allows for the legal conversion of a LSV into a golf cart. A golf cart owner does not have to register, insure, or display a vehicle license plate. As with an LSV vehicle, the vehicle operator does not need to bring their driver’s licence.

Golf carts being allowed to use certain roads can have a negative impact on the state and local laws. This is because it causes a conflict between the state’s laws and the local laws. These small vehicles cannot be compliant with all the standards. There have been some injuries and deaths due to the increased use of golf cars. This could be avoided if the golf carts are allowed to drive only on roads in residential neighborhoods and school zones, and not on roads used for major travel. They may also require that low speed vehicles be equipped with headlamps.

Golf carts are more environmentally friendly than regular cars and do not require gasoline. They are also smaller and require less parking space. Golf carrs are lighter and will cause less wear on roads.

Golf-N-Go needs to resolve all contractual and dispute resolution issues with China’s firm. They must know what court will rule on any dispute that arises. The choice law clause law refers to a clause in an arrangement that determines the law that will apply in the event of a dispute.

Trading issues can arise when doing business abroad. There are many issues that can arise when doing business in foreign countries.

Ocean In Crisis: Climate Change, Invasive Species, Overfishing

The earth was once a beautiful, lush place with unkindled species and vibrant vegetation. But, humans have made the planet a parasite, further threatening its ability to sustain itself generation after generation. Even though we all want to help, the ocean has been affected by our actions to improve it. The atmosphere is being disrupted by the use of fossil fuels for power. Ultra violet rays can be used to destroy coral reefs. Invasive species can travel by our means, which allows them to get around to other places. Omega 3 and other nutrients are also being used to feed ourselves. Ocean life has been controversial for a long time. However, over fishing and climate change are making it more difficult for marine animals to survive. Climate change is the most convincing evidence. It is caused and is known to have been occurring for around 218 years (Weart 2018, 2018). Yet, American politics continues to ignore it because it is considered irrelevant. It is irrelevant in California, which is raging. Is it relevant when the ocean is filled with the bodies of endangered species and fish? This was the beginning of the industrial revolution. The production of greenhouse gas increased dramatically with the introduction of railroads and coal (Weart 2018). The greenhouse effect became apparent due to polluted atmospheric air. Scientists realized that the greenhouse effect was being caused by increasing levels of carbon dioxide. (Shaftel 2018.) The second industrial revolution was achieved in 1870. This revolution brought us fertilization, chemicals, as well as electricity. (Weart 2018, 2018) Humans were able to harness this technology and control it. Because fossil fuels were becoming more scarce, wars were fought. This was how scientists predicted the catastrophic future events. It involved the decreasing Arctic ice-sheets and dangers to the ozone. The marine life is suffering from the harsh effects of UV rays. The sun’s UV rays can cause changes in marine life. This is evident in phytoplankton which is so sensitive to UV. Their biochemical cycle for taking in carbon dioxide will affect their activities (Przyborski, 2001). Photosynthesis in Antarctica has been affected by the loss of phytoplankton. Because organisms have to adjust to this new environment, some areas of the ecosystem have been affected by the disruption. Corals and other marine organisms live in shallower waters. They are exposed to harsher sunlight and suffer bleaching, which results in death. Extremely high temperatures are responsible for bleaching. Corals become stressed when they are exposed to high temperatures. They then eject single-celled algae from their corals, causing them to lose color as well as food source (Earth Journalism Network 2016). Australia. The ocean’s warming is threatening the Great Barrier Reef. As long as fossil fuels are used, coral cannot recover. The pollution and green gasses are causing heat stress to coral (Winton 2018, Winton). The ocean absorbs greenhouse gases, which means that there isn’t enough phytoplankton for photosynthesis. Carbon dioxide that isn’t filtered increases the potential hydrogen in water. The ocean has absorbed about 525 billion tonnes of CO2, or 22 million tons per hour since the industrial era. Too much acidification can cause damage to the shells of many organisms. The water’s acidity can cause shells to soften and become deformed. Without this adaptation, sea creatures are rapidly dying. Shelled creatures must develop by the collection of carbonate for their hydrogenions. The acidification makes it harder to do this. They will need to use more energy to produce than they can reproduce.

(Bennet (2018). Acidification has led to many species becoming extinct. They are no longer able to adapt to their environment. In an unfavorable environment, organisms can’t reproduce. Algae have been able to reproduce in these conditions because of the warming ocean water. This can be dangerous for many sea creatures. Algal blooms block sunlight from reaching seafloor plants and have a toxic effect on sea life. A bloom of algal cells can damage the plant life in areas where they are present (EPA 2017, 2017). The algal blooms can cause aquatic life habitats to be altered, which could lead to a decrease in the number of organisms living there. They cannot thrive or repopulate in the area without oxygen. They block out sunlight and make it difficult for plants to thrive. Algal blooms are also dangerous and can cause havoc in coastal waters. Red tide, a recent disaster, is an example. Red tide is an event that occurs right now on the Gulf of Mexico and Florida coasts. Karenia Brevis, an algal bloom that can cause severe health problems, is responsible. Karenia Brevis is the dominant algal bloom in the Gulf of Mexico. It releases a toxin called Brevetoxins which can cause irritation of the respiratory system (Sweat 2011, 2011). This bloom has caused problems for fish as well as marine mammals like manatees. These animals are Becerra 3 at risk of extinction, yet the use of greenhouse gasses and pollution could lead to their disappearance sooner than expected. Red tide blooms are unique to other blooms in the past. Therefore, it is not known when they will cease. Meanwhile, sea animals continue to die at an alarming rate (NOAA 2018, 2018). Native species suffer from invasive species. They thrive and cause further harm to the ecosystem, resulting in a loss of balance. It is quite simple. Humans. Humans were the first to build ships. Today’s ships and boats have a variety of hiding places. Intruders can hide under the boat or in ship hulls. Aquariums can allow for the introduction of some invasive species. Invasive species pose a threat to native species as they can become a competition and deplete resources. They can cause ecosystem disruptions and decrease the number of native fish. There are many types of invasive species. They may be starfish, plants, or shellfish. Without regulation, however, native marine species could face extinction. Invasive species can pose a risk to an environment and take up too much space. The lionfish, green crab and other invasive species are two examples. The Indo-pacific native lion fish, however, have made their ways into the Atlantic oceans. However, humans are the true culprit. They may have been released due to aquarium problems (NOAA 2018, 2018). They cause problems in the Atlantic because they are not predatory and they also steal resources from commercial fish (NOAA-2018). Due to their large numbers, they can cause problems for other species in terms of reproduction. Lionfish are carnivores and eat juveniles to reduce the reef population by 90% (Ocean Support 2013, 2013). They can also reproduce at a much faster rate than native species, which is a major advantage. Lionfish are able to eat more and use more resources because of their hunger. According to Ocean Support (2013), lionfish have a greater impact on coral reefs than they can stomach. Coral health suffers when there is no food source for herbivores. This European green crab doesn’t just look innocent. They also have a hungry appetite and are a problem for fisheries. While they are native to Europe and have made their way to Asia, North/South America, Australia, and elsewhere, the European green crab is not an endangered species. (Tennessen 2011)

They traveled by ballast water taken from ships thousands of miles away.

(Tennessen, 2011) The Green crab is a threat for shorelines, resources and Becerra 4. Green crabs are quick adapters and can eat more food in new environments. (Conservation 2018.) The green crab is a predatory species that eats mostly shellfish. This crab adapts quicker than the native species and pushes out other species with its aggression. Green crabs pose a significant ecological threat to many of the native species. They have been decimating habitat for young species. (Fisheries and Oceans Canada 2013, 2013) The decrease in juveniles means that they cannot increase the number native species. The ecosystem is disrupted when they take over habitats, thereby reducing the native species. The crab’s digging to capture its prey causes the destruction in eelgrass. According to Fisheries and Oceans Canada (2013), … Last but not less, we need to discuss the impact of overfishing on the oceans. Overfishing is the act of taking out large quantities marine life to make it possible for species to repopulate. Overfishing can cause a great deal of problems for repopulation and even eventual extinction. This is a problem that affects more than just fish. The product can become stuck in the net, causing complications that can lead to species not being able to eat it. Because larger animals are more likely to get trapped in nets, they may be more stressed than those used to catch the production fish. The imbalanced ecosystem results in a loss of predators, as well as a decrease in the number of fish that are being taken. It is becoming a problem that these fish are being handled in a reckless and ignorant manner. While there are safer methods of obtaining the resources you need, they are often ignored. The large number of resources that are being cultivated from them puts the Atlantic bluefish and other species in grave danger. The high quality meat from Atlantic bluefish tuna has led to a significant decline in their population. This fish weighs in at 500 pounds and is very popular with Japanese industries (Evan 2014). Because Japan is a major consumer of fish, it can increase sales. However, this can lead to an increase in demand for these fish. This leads to overfishing. In an effort to meet the demand and supply, tunas are being taken by industries. Tunas are finding it difficult to produce enough young to maintain safe numbers due to the rapid demand (Evan 2014). The Mediterranean Sea is where tunas spawn. There are many species that gather there in summer, which poses a problem for the fishing industry. However, this can also have serious consequences. Illegal fishing continues even though the Atlantic Tuna is now regulated to repopulate. This is why illegal, unregulated, or unreported fishing contributes to the decline in this species. Poor regulation means that fisheries can take more than they need. Illegal fishing takes 20%, while fisheries take about 50%. These fish are being taken on large-scales, which is threatening the abundance of them (WWF 2018,). Becerra 5-sturgeon are a very popular breed that can be used to collect roe which is then made into caviar. Caviar, the unfertilized sturgeon egg, is called Caviar. Caviar can be expensive and a delicacy that many people love, but this has made it a threat to endangered species. This can result in the death or mutilation this lively creature when it comes to extracting roe. Some species of Sturgeon become more attractive to poaching and overfishing when they reach sexual maturity between 6-25 years of age. WWF 2017 The beautiful creature can live for as long as 100 years and can grow to around 7-12 feet. However, the 70% reduction in numbers over the last century means that it’s possible they won’t be seen much (WWF2018). Even though caviar is now illegal in Bulgaria, illegal trade continues to make a profit. Caviar is being seized in large quantities from areas where they are prohibited from being captured and harvested. (Protect Danube’s Treasure, Unknown)

The loss of their breeding grounds and lack of regulation have made species such as the Beluga Sturgeon vulnerable. Therefore, exporting goods is a risky business. Bycatch can be defined as a situation in which something is not intended to get caught and caught in netting. This is most commonly a problem for seabirds, sharks, turtles, and dolphins. (WWF 2018,) Sometimes, the wrong species can be caught when netting or other forms of fishing are used. The animal may become stressed and then die if it isn’t handled correctly.

Additionally, animals that become entangled with netting cause stress in their lives and make themselves more complicated. Soon their motion stops and they end up dying. While some animals can swim away from the net, others are left with netting in large or small quantities that can impact their daily activities, eating, and swimming. Many species are soon endangered when they are caught in the netting. Some dolphin species are threatened and require further action. (WWF 2018.) The Ocean is being decimated and many people aren’t aware of it. We prefer to ignore the fact that overfishing, climate change, and invasive species are all happening. Every step that we take toward a better future is affecting others. The Ocean does not have a voice. Therefore, we must be the voice of the Ocean. We must take action to ensure that those who come after us have a better ocean experience. The existence of all things is a right and they have no right not to be given that. There are better options to get the resources they need. We are looking into ways to increase the production of biodegradable products and solar energy. A safer way to collect caviar is to gently massage the eggs from the female sturgeon’s vagina. Because of the speed of processing, slitting open fish’s bellies is a faster way to do this. This is not a common practice in many fisheries. Citizens can check equipment for hitchhiking species. Better support can make our ocean a better environment.

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