Table of Contents
A general overview of Marxism
Marxist theory analyzes Machuca
The scene starts off with a woman walking down a sidewalk. She seems to be in a hurry, her high heels click-clacking on the pavement as she moves quickly. The sun is setting and the sky is a brilliant orange. There is a light breeze that ruffles her hair as she passes by.
The second scene takes place in a different location and involves different characters.
The third scene takes place in a different location.
The fourth scene is set in a different location. It features differing characters and dialogue.
The fifth scene shows a group of people gathered together in a room. They are discussing and debating a difficult issue, trying to figure out the best way to address it. Everyone is expressing their opinion, and the atmosphere is tense.
In the sixth scene the characters are in the same location as before. They continue to interact and discuss their feelings and emotions.
A general overview of Marxism
Marxism, as a whole, is a system based on the thought of Karl Marx. Friedrich Engels also created it. Vladimir Ilyich Lenin. Rosa Luxemburg. Gyorgy Lukac and many others were close friends with Marx. They tried to preserve this belief system with continuity. Those who believe and attempt to implement this thought have made a difference and achieved some good results. Marxism does not just focus on the world but also aims to find solutions to problems by applying Marxism to society, history, society and nature. Marxism was primarily concerned with and critical of management systems and living societies. Marxism began with the criticism of capitalism. Marxism is an idea-idea structure that tries to expose the flaws and limitations of capitalism. Marxism opposes any development based upon capitalism, capitalism or another economic system. Marxism is essential before all other economic systems can be considered. Marxism deplores the social distinctions in a society and its classification. This is why Marxism struggles to create an equal system. Marxism seeks to eradicate social discrimination in class societies, and replace them by a classless, equal society. Marxism is a thought-based and openly offered to humanity under the banner of brotherhood of the peoples in order to create a society that is equal and without class. Marxism can be described as a socialist organization. It’s a socialist view of the world. Marxism is against classifying people. All classes should be united. This will result in all classes being destroyed. The key is equality in society. Marxism is not about exploitation. It seeks equality for all people. It doesn’t seek to be divided by class or social status. It is important that everyone lives on equal terms. It happened shortly after Salvador Allende (a Marxist Marxist) was elected to the presidency. It was a reaction by the U.S. intelligence agency and the ministry for foreign relations. Unfortunately many people were affected badly by the conflict and the civil rights violations. Gonzalo Infante was a middle-class boy who is at the forefront of political events of his time. His father and his sister are sometimes the cause of his problems. The two classes were not in harmony and the head priest of the Private English School felt that this should be fixed. It was decided that the school would register the poor children and provide financial support through scholarship in the Allende spirit. Although the film is seen through the Gonzalo’s eyes, we see Machuca as poor students accept to the private school. Gonzalo is a friend to him and helps him in times of trouble. Gonzalo learned from Machuca both how poor people struggle and the true friendship. Machuca teaches him about the Santiago life. Silvana (Macchu’s cousin) is another character. Her charming, playful playfulness attracts Gonzalo’s eye positively. The three friends are close and sell flag at rallies and meetings in support of Silvana’s father. Although the children may not be able to communicate with each other and are often grouped together by their class differences, the close relationships between them show how they could work together. It is possible for them to succeed despite all of these differences. The first scene in a film is often the most important. As a step towards Marxism, the Father brings along the children of the poorest class to study at the best private school in their area. He arrives at the class, presents them to their classmates, and tells them that they are new friends and have met before. They live within walking distance of the school. This question revealed that even schools have class conflicts. The class hears a child answer, “Sir that child knows that child, his mom washes the clothes in our household.” Now we can say that the mother is the servant/nursemaid at the private school where the newcomer will study. The film clearly shows that poor families are more likely to have low-standard jobs in the working class. Marxism emphasized that the education system was responsible for creating class inequality. Wealthier families invest their own resources in their children’s education and to provide them with opportunities for middle-class jobs. This perpetuates the inequality of class due to incapabilities of workers. While we talk about equality and education, we need to remember the traditional Marxists. They believe the current education system is not equal. The elites control the system and therefore it performs under their control. In this film, the Priest takes initiative to end these inequalities by taking the poor children to a private school that is equipped with all the necessary facilities. This is a fitting example of Marx’s free-public education theory. It is also highlighted in the Communist Manifesto. Second SceneThe introduction of the newcomer to swimming lessons in the pool is followed by the second analysis. The children of wealthy families who have been in school for many years jump into the pool quickly with different jumping techniques. However, children from poverty hesitate to jump into the pool and remain a few steps away. The Priest arrives to teach the lesson and inspects the children. He becomes angry with the boy at the pool, who shouts to the poor and shy students “Let’s jump to that pool fooling them for having black shirts.” The Priest suddenly shouts at him and addresses everyone else. He takes out the guy and yells at him. He asks the group if it is clear. They all say yes. Then, he tells them to have fun and then leaves. The shy and poor start to enjoy the sport, even jumping. The labor theory of value was used by economists to explain the goods market. The exchanges of goods influenced certain relative prices. This theory mainly states that labor required to produce the commodity should be measured in terms of the average hours worked. Karl Max and Adam Smith are the most well-known supporters of this theory. The destruction the labor theory value, or the alienation work, has a negative impact on the relationships between people. It is because the distorted capitalist systems do not take into account the time spent by an individual in the producing process. This causes everyone to unconsciously evaluate the human rather than the meta (the product). Individuals who are isolated and have dissolved into themselves can only have a relationship with what they produce. To make it possible for isolated people to access commodities, the value relationship between the meta must be the basis of all social relationships. Consider the behavior of the boy swimming in the pool as a subliminal manifestation of the capitalist system. The ridicule of the black skinned boy is actually an indication of how the system treats the ability of his family to produce more than the poor. The Priest insists that everyone be treated with respect. I interpreted that Priest’s word as respecting the time and labor that was put into the work of all the social classes and skin colors. So, regardless of whether they appear poor or not, remember that everyone has to be respected for their efforts and for the time they have passed them on. The Priest doesn’t explain Marxism in such detail to children, but that is not what I meant. Third SceneMachuca, Gonzalo and their one-wheeled bicycle ride to the Machuca town. They reach the Machuca’s poorest and most populated neighborhood. Gonzalo hesitates at first and considers whether he should go into the slum. He immediately decides that he will continue to enjoy the ride with his friend. They then cycle fast through the mud slum laughing. They meet the Machuca’s mother, who is responsible for a landwork. She uses her shovel to dig and also handles the digging. While they’re riding Gonzalo’s bike fast, she asks the children to make something for them to eat. It is now evening and they arrive at the Machuca house. Gonzalo finds it strange that the house and the food are so different from his city life. It is easy to see how he surprised the community in the slum. His question about the toilet was a funny one. He shocked himself when he reached for the toilet at the outside of his home. It wasn’t like the one he was used to. This is where we can examine many issues, including the Marxism theories and classes in society. As long as the economic struggle is seen in this way, class will exist. These poor families make it compulsory for them to work in low-skilled occupations so that they can earn less than their Gonzalo family earnings. Gonzalo is a symbol for the wealthy person living in capitalist economies. While he is a child, he acts unaware of class differences. This makes him an ideal candidate for transparency and social welfare. Marxist theory of class states that the principal factor that creates the class is the division labor. But the most important factor is the production relation. Private property in the production means is the key element that exposes classes. Modern society is made up of two main classes. These are called the bourgeoisie or the proletariat. Here, we can see how families like the Machucas’s have less manpower and private property than the Gonzalo’s. This indicates the 2 classes of society. Fourth SceneGonzalo and his dad go to a closed shop in the city with shutters and knock on the door. A man then comes inside. Because they are going directly to the shop, they don’t need to go into any other shops. They are actually able to see the issue when they walk past the shops, with Gonzalo holding a sandwich and his father holding a cigarette. With his other hand, he carries a food bag and is walking towards the shops. The capitalists are becoming wealthier, while the average person and low-skilled workers get paid less. Primitive accumulation is the result of laborer exploitation. The wages paid to laborers were low compared to the high earnings for the bourgeoisie. Laborers had no opportunity to alter their current social status. Their employers increased their living expenses, making the wage rise useless. The proletariat would remain weak and ineffective. Proletariat would be exploited even more if globalism brought new challenges. Marx is right once more. We can clearly see that workers and normal people are able to be exploited. And it doesn’t matter if you die from hunger. Although this scene lasted less than half an hour, it is worth mentioning because it has important economic and social implications. Fifth SceneGonzalo invites Machuca over to his sister’s party. They have a great time and then they go to bed. They hear the conversation sound of Gonzalo’s parents. They shout at one another, and we hear the discussion sound of Gonzalo’s parents. It isn’t just a scene in a movie. They are actually discussing the whole thing. Although Marx does see Capitalists as evil and calls them vampires, he doesn’t think they are bad people. They were forced to become like the people they were before they could change. They were already victims of the artificial data-centric system. The bourgeois marriage was due to a number of reasons. The marriage spirit became a continuation of business. The marriage gave men the ability to manage the family’s affairs. The bourgeois marriages usually involve tensions, discussions, anxiety due to a lack in real life, as well as marriages made with financial conveniences. Marx doesn’t necessarily mean all people are willing to go on that cruel path. He believed the system makes everyone prioritize their financial affairs so people can have no sincere or deep relationship even though they are getting married. The real value of life is reduced and we are made to prioritize our financial needs, which can lead to oppression and resentment in our relationships.
Sixth SceneThe movie shows a time when people line up to purchase their daily kitchen supplies. It is actually at the market where oil, milk and bread are sold. We can see that there are not many poor people in that row. However, it is easy to identify from the clothing styles of those waiting. Gonzalo waits for Gonzalo to turn and buys two concentrated milk using the money his mom gave him. As he turns to walk away, Silvana appears with him. Silvana isn’t actually in the line. Instead, she sells cigarettes to the customers and earns money. Silvana looks at the milks in Gonzalo’s bag and grabs one. Despite Gonzalo’s refusal to give her the milk, Silvana took it and made fun of him. They go to a joint place where they open the milk and then share it equally. This is the Silvana’s reaction. She sells cigarettes and attempts to make money. This reflection could be considered a reaction to communist party’s ideals. This is Marx’s contribution principle’ analysis. This principle states that workers have the right to their work product. The contribution principle applies to all people equally because it assesses everyone equally. In order to measure unequal individuals on an equal basis, they must be considered equally as workers or, in other words, equal. The girls can only sell cigarettes, but they cannot get milk. Marx says that even though they have labor, there is a value to their labor. The boy is able to get the milk simply because he has the right circumstances. Unconsciously, she took one of the boy’s milk and convinced him to share one with her. She was thereby able to receive what Marx called “contribution principle”. In general, the film depicts a disturbing story about three children with different social backgrounds who are caught up in the flames of political struggles between communists or anti-communists in Allende’s era. The film shows how the political winds impact the lives and economic decisions of children on both sides. One side is a community that has the capital to make a profit. This gives them the chance to get social welfare and a better education. On the other, there are low-skilled workers with lower life standards. These jobs have lower wages and lower quality education. The film’s main themes, whether Marxism is true or false, can make it difficult to discuss. Marxism is itself an ocean waiting for exploration. The theories were never put into practice. Marxism was very interested labor. He considers labor a key area for capitalist exploitation. It is important to defend labor in order to fight capitalist injustice. Marxist theory also believes in class war. They view history as the struggle between the poor and capitalist riches and work to justify their theories. It is possible to see some of the outcomes of Marxism as social order in this film, but they are still controversial if they are properly raised.